Trinity College Dublin

Skip to main content.

Top Level TCD Links

Cicely Roche
Associate Professor, Pharmacy

Biography

Cicely Roche's career as a pharmacist has been largely in community pharmacy, in Ireland and Ontario, in both management and ownership capacities, although her first two years post-registration as a pharmacist were spent working in Quality Assurance at LEO Laboratories in Dublin. She is a past President of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland (PSI) (2001 to 2003), current chair of the PSI Fitness to Practice Committee (Health),founding chair and member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (Ireland) and a recent past member of the Boards of the Irish Medicines Board (IMB) and the Irish Centre for Continuing Pharmaceutical Education (ICCPE). Her key interests are in the areas of Ethics and Professional reasoning, Higher Education and Continuing professional development, the development of advanced services in Community Pharmacy and in the value of quality assurance systems in pharmacy settings. Her PhD thesis explored the development of moral reasoning competencies in pharmacists. Cicely joined the staff of the School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, as a Senior Lecturer (now Associate Professor) in the Practice of Pharmacy, in a half-time position, in November 2009.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Roche, Cicely, New and innovative health technologies for enhanced public health - challenges and ethical issues. (Plenary Session)., Emerging technologies in Healthcare, Belgrade, Serbia, 17th August,, 2017, European Society for Philosophy of Medicine and Healthcare Invited Talk, 2017

Aziz C, Grimes T, Deasy E, Roche C, Compliance with the Health Information and Quality Authority of Ireland National Standard for Patient Discharge Summary Information -A Retrospective Study in Secondary Care, European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 23, 2016, p272 - 277 Journal Article, 2016 DOI URL

Roche, C., Thoma, SJ., Wingfield, J., Grimes, T., Radomski, M., Spotlight on Moral Reasoning: a blended learning approach to CPD that demonstrates measurable improvement in relevant competencies, 7th All Ireland Pharmacy Conference, Ballymascanlon, Ireland, 27th January, 2015 Oral Presentation, 2015

Roche, C., Thoma, S. & Wingfield, J., From Workshop to E-Learning: Using Technology-Enhanced "Intermediate Concept Measures" As a Framework for Pharmacy Ethics Education and Assessment, Pharmacy. Special Issue: eLearning, 2, (2), 2014, p137 - 160 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Roche, C. & Kelliher, F. , Giving 'best advice': Proposing a Framework of Community Pharmacist Professional Judgement Formation., Pharmacy, Special Issue: Rural and Regional Pharmacy Education and Leadership. , 2, (1), 2014, p74 - 85 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Kelliher, F & Roche, C., I wish I was there: Emulating the sense of 'being' in an eClassroom. , Irish Academy of Management, University of Limerick, Sept 3rd-5th, 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Roche, C., 'Addiction Pharmacy' and the professionalisation process: technology-enhanced assessment of reflective practice and teamwork., Pharmacy, Special Issue: Online Learning., 2, (2), 2014, p175 - 194 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Roche, Cicely., Online assessment incorporating reflective practice and teamwork: Technology-Enhanced Learning in the final semester., Blackboard European teaching and learning conference, Birmingham, April, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013 URL

Roche, C. & Kelliher, F., Educating community pharmacists: exploring influences on professional judgement formation in a commercial environment. , Irish Academy of Management , WIT Waterford, Sept 2-4, 2013 Conference Paper, 2013

Roche, Cicely, Development and assessment of moral reasoning competencies: a blended learning approach to dilemma review and resolution , The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) 73rd World Congress., Dublin, 2013 Poster, 2013

Roche, Cicely., In Pursuit of Excellence: Facilitating 'Right Advice' in Retail Pharmacy Practice., Irish Academy of Management, Sept 2-4, 2013 Poster, 2013

Roche, Cicely, The professionalization of pharmacist students in the final semester: a 'blended learning' approach to assessment of reflective practice and teamwork following workshops with external practitioners, The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) 73rd World Congress. , Dublin, September, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Roche, Cicely, Technology enhanced pharmacy education: Using the virtual learning environment to support the development of professional attributes., the FIP Centennial Congress of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2012., Amsterdam, October 2012, 2012 Poster, 2012

Cicely Roche, FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT FOR 'GRADUATE ATTRIBUTES': TECHNOLOGY-ENHANCED LEARNING IN THE FIRST SEMESTER., Edulearn12 Proceedings. Barcelona, Spain., Online, (July 2nd - 4th), 2012, p5129 - 5137 Journal Article, 2012 TARA - Full Text

Roche, Cicely & Gallagher, Paul., Developing Moral Reasoning skills in the Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), AMEE Association of Medical Education, Glasgow, September, 2010 Poster, 2010

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Residential Care: Pharmacist dilemmas and issues of 'covert' medication. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 89, (June-August), 2010, p203 - 2204 Journal Article, 2010 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Children and the Law: Dispensing Prescriptions to Minors , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 88, (1,2 & 3; Jan - March), 2010, p168 - 169 Journal Article, 2010 URL

Sahm, L., MacCurtain, A., Hayden, J., Roche, C & Richards, H.L., Electronic reminders to improve medication adherence - are they acceptable to the patient?, Pharm World Sci, 31, (6), 2009, p627 - 629 Journal Article, 2009

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Capacity: the pharmacist's judgement of the ability to decide, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86 & 87, (12 & 1), 2009, p22 - 23 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Research Ethics and the Ethics of Research., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (2 & 3), 2009, p52 - 52 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, Ethical and legal Issues in healthcare: Is pharmacy a profession?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, (November/December), 2009, p144 - 144 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Link Selling., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (8, 9 & 10. Aug - Oct), 2009, p122 - 123 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Collegiality Challenged, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 87, (5, 6 & 7. May-July), 2009, p92 - 92 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely & Kelliher, Felicity, Exploring the Patient Consent Process in Community Pharmacy Practice, Journal of Business Ethics, 86, (1), 2009, p91 - 99 Journal Article, 2009 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Conscientious Objection: the right to refuse to dispense. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (2), 2008, p18 - 19 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Duty of Care in Matters of Confidentiality and Privacy., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (4), 2008, p81 - 82 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely, ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Standards of Care and the 'Best Interests' principle, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (10 & 11), 2008, p208 - 210 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Balancing Paternalism and Autonomy in professional practice. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (5 ), 2008, p122- Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The ethics of resource management in Pharmacy., Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (7), 2008, p170 - 171 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The right not to know: Issues in genetic testing, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (6), 2008, p142 - 143 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: The doctrine of double effect: implications for end-of-life healthcare. , Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (3), 2008, p48 - 49 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: Professional Judgement, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 86, (8 & 9), 2008, p202 - 203 Journal Article, 2008 URL

Roche, Cicely., ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE: What is a prescription?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 85 & 86, (12 & 1), 2007, p492 - 492 Journal Article, 2007 URL

Roche, C, Does co-location of prescribers and dispensers in Primary Care compromise the patient's right to consent?, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 85, (5), 2006, p142 - 146 Journal Article, 2006

Kelliher, Cicely, An Evaluation of the Advent of Computers in Irish Community Pharmacy, Irish Pharmacy Journal, 63, (4), 1985, p123 - 124 Journal Article, 1985

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Roche, C, Can we teach professional judgement and reasoning? Experiences from research and practice. , A professional update day for academics and pharmacy trainers, Birmingham, England, 9th September, 2014 Oral Presentation, 2014

Roche C., Grimes T., Conscientious Objection by Pharmacists: Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act, 2013, IPU Review, September 2013., 2013, p20 - 22 Journal Article, 2013 URL

Roche, Cicely, Online assessment incorporating reflective practice and teamwork: Technology-Enhanced Learning in the final semester., EdTech 2013, University College Cork, May, 2013 Oral Presentation, 2013

Roche, Cicely., Challenging the 21st Century Learner:Supporting the development of reasoning competencies, Dublin eLearning Summer School, Dublin DIT, June , 2011 Oral Presentation, 2011

Roche, Cicely., Cholesterol testing in Demand? , Counterintelligence online, February, 2008, p4 Journal Article, 2008

Roche, Cicely., Is Irish Pharmacy ready for MURs? , IPU Review, September, 2008, p32 - 35 Journal Article, 2008

Research Expertise

Description

Moral reasoning Competencies Development in Community Pharmacists in Ireland. (PhD thesis). Professional ethics education as proposed in 'Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics' (Rest & Narvaez, 1994) incorporates the Four Component Model (FCM) of morality, namely moral sensitivity, reasoning , motivation and implementation, as interactive elements in the development of a professional (Bebeau & Monson, 2008; Bebeau, 2002; Bebeau & Thoma, 1999). Moral reasoning is the component specifically considered in this study, which reviews the development of moral reasoning competencies, as measured by a psychometric measure known as the DIT2 (Rest et al, 1999a, 1999b), following an educational intervention incorporating profession-specific dilemmas. Participants in the educational intervention had all been, at the time, registered pharmacists for at least three years and working in community pharmacies, referred to as Retail Pharmacy Businesses (RPBs) in the Pharmacy Act (Pharmacy Act, 2007). Research in other professions, e.g. dentistry (Bebeau, 2002) and business (Jones, 2008), indicates that even relatively short profession-specific educational programmes (referred to as an intervention for the purposes of this research) can lead to significant improvements in moral reasoning competencies, especially when the design, development and delivery of the intervention is context-appropriate. The question that this research aimed to address was whether a similar intervention could impact on community pharmacists using the Irish context as a study environment. This study therefore included the design, development and delivery of a profession-specific educational intervention, delivered over 16 weeks as a blended learning programme, in order to consider its impact on moral reasoning competencies in community pharmacists in Ireland as measured by the DIT2.

Keywords

Assessment of Judgement and Decision making Skills; Business Ethics; Ethics; moral reasoning development; Neo-Kohlbergian theory; Patient Care and Education; Peer To Peer Networks; Pharmacy; Professional Development and Reflective Practice; Technology Enhanced Learning; Virtual learning environments

Recognition

Representations

Chair, Fitness to Practice - Committee of Inquiry (Health), Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 2009 to Current

President, Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 2001-2003

Irish Medicines Board (Board Member) 2006 -2011

Chair, Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association 2010-2013

Chair, Joint working group PSI/ICCPE/HSE/DoH, Engagement of pharmacists in Joint Continuing Education initiatives 2008-2012

Irish Centre for Continuing Pharmaceutical Education (Board Member) 2004-2012

Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland: Accreditation Standards development (Level 8, Level 9 and 5-year integrated programmes)... Expert groups. 2010-current

Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland - Core Competency Framework Development Group 2011

President, Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland Benevolent Fund (Reg. CHY) 2004-2012

Asthma Society of Ireland Medical Committee 2002-current

Director, Pharmacy Bevenvolent Fund (Reg CHY) 2012-2013

Director, Gorey Educational Trust Ltd (Reg. CHY) 2003 to current

Awards and Honours

Royal Irish Academy Charlemont Scholar 2017

Royal Irish Academy Charlemont Scholar 2017

Provost's teaching award, Trinity College Dublin. 2015

Elected to serve as President of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland Oct 2001 & Oct 2002

Roches Pharmacy Gorey won the Excellence Ireland Foundation Mark National Award. (Integrated QA & continuous improvement system.) Sept 2004

Best Conference Paper, Irish Academy of Management 2014

Memberships

Member of the Pharmaceutical Society of Ireland 1984 – current

Reviewer, Journal of Business Ethics 2011

Member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (Ireland) 2010 – current

Member of the Pharmacy Law and Ethics Association (UK) 2008 – current


Last updated 9 September 2016 by School of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences (Email).